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Meet the needs of students ' English learning

Abstract: this paper mainly introduces the pupils ' psychological characteristics of effective English teaching methods. By analyzing the psychological characteristics of the pupils of this age, including teaching and hinder teaching two aspects of proposed teaching methods to be taken to develop pupils ' interest in learning English. Main teaching methods are: less classroom teaching, activities; the full function using graphical representation, avoiding traditional teaching, setting up scenes; teachers to give students timely and positive assessment carried out a variety of activities. Paper set out these five advantages and application of teaching means, explain how they meet pupils ' psychology in English learning needs and what kind of psychological need, finally meet the psychological needs of the importance of learning English.
Key words psychological characteristics of: ,  psychological,  needs a. elementary school students ' mental characteristics in English teaching of English teaching in primary schools is the most basic and special stages. Because this is the primary phase of the students, they have a special psychological, that mentality has its advantages and disadvantages. Mastery of their psychology to English teaching is very important. Among them, the plus side:
(1) high plasticity. Primary school is the primary stage of development of the Outlook on life and values, is an important stage of development of thinking ability and cognitive style. Different educational content and methods, as well as of different environments on the above development and training have a significant impact.
(2) psychological burden lighter. Shy, timid, anxiety and other psychological burden for foreign language learners have a greater negative impact. Compared with adults, side effects of these psychological factors of primary school students. They dared to speak, actively participated in various activities, to create a relaxed learning environment.
(3) simple emotional factors. Pupils generally rely on intuition and experience, therefore, ways of learning and living close to their learning content easy to arouse their enthusiasm.
Of course, there are also negative factors, mainly in the following areas:
(1) poor self-control. They are easier to cultivate an interest, it is also easy to lose interest.
(2) pupils can be actively involved in learning English, but they concentrate on limited time. They are susceptible to the influence of external factors.
(3) primary school students ' thinking ability is poor. They are not good at grasping the law of language systems, and lack of ability to learn independently, strongly dependent on the teacher.
Therefore, in the foreign language teaching in primary schools, to take fully into account the psychological characteristics of students, using appropriate teaching methods, play a useful psychological factors to overcome psychological barriers and satisfy their psychological need for English learning, develop interest in learning English.
II. Several effective methods of teaching 1. game-oriented English teaching, less didactic, more activities, let us move, classroom atmosphere come alive, used the game to attract strong characteristics, effectively impart knowledge to students.
Game is one of the most effective is the most accepted means of teaching students.
First, through the games students overcome the psychological barrier of fear, shame, active participation in the classroom, with an open mouth to speak English, listening and speaking abilities, manual operation, observation, and so on to get further training, effective help to remember the language materials, more importantly he helps focus students ' attention, thinking through the trough. According to psychologists, pupil's attention only last for 20 minutes at a time, the game can adjust the students ' thinking, effective learning. Games can meet the psychological needs of students to enjoy happiness.
Second, because the pupils particularly competitive, through the game, especially the competitive nature of the game, can promote the student thinking, use their imagination and creativity. For example, according to the text, was performed by table to make up a dialogue between, than the one who makes the best teachers to give certain incentives, so that the enthusiasm of the students were mobilized. Specific methods are as follows:
(1). game to import before class started. Design of English songs, nursery rhymes, games is the primary English class teaching in good hands. Emotional students gradually settled down and gradually introduced to English classes, as well as better practice oral expression abilities, lay the Foundation for fostering good language, intonation.
(2). using the game to review old knowledge and can be "listen" games, starting by the teacher, students do; or by a directive made by the students, the rest of the students movement. For example:
T:show pointed me your pencil/eraser/eye/mouth|--------students one by one to the teacher.
(3). use new knowledge of the game. Through objects, pictures, charts, simple strokes and gestures show Visual teaching tools, such as new knowledge.
(4). the use of exercises to consolidate new knowledge of the game. After the show, practicing new knowledge, the student has a certain understanding of the content of the text, use riddles, knowledge contest, find friends, games. Such as: teachers make riddles for everyone to hear, focuses on practicing the new sentences, "what am I?" "I have four legs , But I have no arms ,and no hands ,I can stand , you can sleep with me ,what am I ?" Teachers speak in riddles, let the students guess. And use the same pattern to make student-designed puzzles for everyone to hear. So with games throughout the classroom.
According to pupils ' psychological and physiological features, they like to play, like singing, like paintings, like acting, like hands-on. Modern learning theory is that "knowledge is promising, is part of the background and cultural products, and knowledge was at the event, in its rich in culture have been used and developed. "We have to convert the knowledge book statically dynamic knowledge can easily play activities for students to acquire knowledge.
2. using the icon feature, try to avoid text directly to meet the psychological needs of students ' seeking knowledge.
According to the psychologist's study, memorizing material and images than text memorizing material much less memory effect. United States graphic journalist Hala has stressed that: "words not as a picture, a cartoon has a concise summary, lively and interesting, vivid and so on. Students remember points, up lively. For students to understand that learning is a kind of enjoyment.
(1.) diagrams to visualize the abstract language, make up for the lack of writing, complementary effects to graphics and text. On the students ' psychological health education says: all things vivid and specific, the image, it's easy to arouse the students ' interest and attention. Attractive things to remember 1 time almost more likely. Such as: learn English words Smile laugh sad anger, we can draw four expression map for students at a glance. Pupils ' learning motivation of these things are created is to rely on specific symptoms. In fact, the diagram can enable students to obtain similar to TV show "live" sense of realism.
(2.) students in the learning process, diagrams can be made starting from the images the look and feel of things, gradually forming abstract, rational science. Meanwhile, their intelligence has been developed, and look at the picture, the ability to read drawings can be nurtured. For example: to show students the "classroom" pictures, use the patterns to communicate.
What is this ?---It is a pencilWhat is that ?---It is a book .
Teacher in classroom teaching around the diagram, continually asking questions to inspire students, strengthening training of thinking, put these bits of knowledge for knowledge of the system, ask students questions, questioning, a better understanding of the spread of knowledge understanding and complete the thought, so as to achieve good results.
(3). diagrams as English second language, can confirm content, make the complex simple. Diagrams by simple strokes, lines outline the contours of things, it is simple and practical, which may be waived with a large number of object Visual trouble. As we all know, prepositions are more difficult to teach, when we are teaching, using diagrams to help students understand the different positions expressed by different prepositions, as in, or, under, near, on the desk, the desk, under the desk, desk side was all painted items, so they are less likely to confuse.
Our students constitute a brain image knowledge systems at the same time, the conditions should be created to enhance and consolidate the image and attention to regroup, categorized into, its extension, development of a new plan to achieve the illustrated, arouse interest, open mind and other effects.
3. avoid traditional teaching, create situations to meet students ' creative, enjoy a pleasant psychological needs. A good environment to learn can have a multiplier effect.
(1). In English class, you can try to change student seating patterns, breaking away from the traditional "horizontal vertical" distribution, let the students be the protagonist of the classroom can be arranged in a circle or semi-circle, so they would be able to communicate face to face, on the one hand opening opportunities to practice increased, on the other hand also cultivate students ' confidence, the teaching atmosphere and harmony.
(2.) language is used to express, to let students apply learned knowledge to expressions, it is necessary to create stories to stimulate students ' interest. To dress up the classroom situation with text description. For example children liked to eat Kentucky Fried chicken, many of which open cuisine. Hamburger, sandwich, ice-cream orange juice etc, which is the content of textbooks, so we can change class to "KFC", let students into virtual scenes of life at once, some can play clerk, can play some customers, students are free to organize a dialogue and give full play to their imagination. Situational teaching, students exchange of two kinds of signal coordination and reflex, enables students to thinking with the good use of language.
4. teachers to give students timely and positive comments, and help students build self-confidence. Their strong mental enhancement of motivation to learn English.
Think of the psychology of child development: there is an intrinsic potential of students and potential development depends on the understanding and trust of others. If teachers respect the will and emotional needs of students, will be able to play the subjective initiative of students.
(1). In the competitions in class, to give certain incentives, so that they can enjoy the joy of victory. Prizes for elementary students is very low, mainly to meet the competitive mentality, to show their abilities. Teachers should make full use of this constant psychological experience opportunities for students to succeed, to stimulate students ' interest in learning, and continue to make progress.
(2). active student for the class, regardless of the answer wrong or right, should be given recognition in a timely manner, is we need the courage to say it in English, teachers should encourage students to reflect itself, were willing to try.
(3.) for students to "prefer" their basic knowledge is weak, teaching requirement should be lowered to them, guide them to cycle gradually so that they "jump jump" will be able to pick the fruit when they experience the joy of success, enhance self-confidence, germination next "jump jump" desires. Teachers should at with "three surface mirror" to evaluation each a bit students: with "magnifying glass" observation students of advantages, more a appreciates of eyes, more a sentence incentive of discourse; with "microscope" capture obstacles students progress of bacteria, more once emotional of Exchange, remedy; with "telescope" for students set learning target, help students set learning confidence, to itself powerful of within drive force, active input to English learning in the to.
5. develop various English extracurricular activities, cultivating the spirit of innovation, and improving practical ability.
English as a foreign language, students ' lack of language, therefore teachers should design more different activities to inspire and enable students to creatively apply the language material was strengthened by their knowledge of English, and provides an opportunity to demonstrate. First of all, for listening, speaking, reading and writing each of the four parts, English, English essay, English recitation, song contest, English writing contest and other activities, so that they better understand knowledge, develop their language skills. In addition, the room can open up "English corner" column, that is able to show students ' achievements, you can also pick some common sense in English, students create a mutual understanding and exchange of learning spaces. These activities, which can create a good environment for learning English for students and for learning the enrichment; both foster students ' innovative spirit, but also improve their practical abilities.
In order to meet the psychological needs of students learning English, teachers should be according to the characteristics of the students using a variety of teaching methods and stimulate their interest in learning and promote emotional communication between teachers and students, creating a relaxed and happy atmosphere of teaching, motivate students to engage in various activities. Only to meet the psychological needs of students, gives vitality of English teaching, English teaching to a higher level. BACK